Home > General Plan > South of Market Area Plan
The South of Market Area Plan contains goals, objectives
and policies for the conservation and development of the South of Market
area of San Francisco. The Plan is accompanied, in a separate document,
by proposed permanent zoning controls (Planning Code amendments) which
would set forth the rules for new development. The Plan and implementing
Planning Code amendments would guide, well into the next century, the
location, intensity and character of new and expanded business and residential
activity, the buildings which house those activities, and the public facilities
and resources provided within the area covered in the Plan. In addition
to recommending development policies and zoning rules, the Plan recommends
measures to be undertaken by other city agencies which would improve the
physical environment and general neighborhood livability of the South
of Market (SOM).
South of Market Planning Areas
The South of Market Area Plan is the result of a comprehensive
and thorough analysis of the physical, social, cultural and economic conditions
and forces within the SOM. The study identified both existing community
characteristics, problems and amenities as well as the types of development
pressures and market forces that may affect the SOM over the next 20 years.
The Plan area encompasses about 460 acres representing 70 percent of the
total South of Market land area (see Map 1). The area outside the Plan
study area, yet within the greater South of Market area (e.g. C-3 office
district, Yerba Buena Center, Rincon Point, Rincon Hill, South Beach),
has undergone previous planning analyses and is subject to land use controls
and development scenarios as described in each of their respective subarea
plans. This study looked at the SOM in context of those proposed plans
as well as within the context of citywide housing and commercial space
demand and resources, and existing and anticipated market pressures affecting
peripheral neighborhoods such as the North of Market housing, retail and
office districts, Mission Bay, Showplace Square, South Van Ness Avenue,
and the Port of San Francisco's development proposals.
The South of Market Area Plan recognizes that the SOM
functions quite successfully as a healthy, vibrant and stable residential
and business community. This is particularly true for the area's low-income
residents and location- and rent-sensitive small businesses serving the
City's broader resident population and downtown visitor and office industries.
The Plan also recognizes the need to provide a mixture
of employment opportunities, especially for San Franciscans, while maintaining
and facilitating the expansion of a very important segment of the City's
overall economic base the light industrial, home and business service
industries. It is important to protect these business activities, and
the types of spaces and transport systems they need, in order to maintain
the City's economic diversity and to facilitate the kind of entrepreneurial
spirit and inventive forces which create new technologies, new services
and business opportunities which are essential to the sustained health
and vitality of the city and region. The SOM is uniquely qualified to
provide this creative environment because of the types of small, attractive
and affordable commercial/industrial spaces available in the neighborhood
and because of the rich diversity of peoples, cultures, fashion, art and
business found within the SOM and the strong sense of community they share.
Finally, the Plan recognizes the need to preserve existing housing resources
as the primary means of providing low- and moderate-income affordable
rental housing units.
The primary goals of the South of Market Area Plan
- Protect and facilitate the expansion of industrial,
artisan, home and business service, and neighborhood-serving retail
and community service activities.
- Protect existing economic, social and cultural diversity.
- Preserve existing housing and encourage the development
of new, affordable housing.
- Preserve existing amenities and improve neighborhood
livability for South of Market residents, workers and visitors.
To achieve these goals the Plan proposes policies and
recommends implementing actions which would:
- Allow construction of enough new industrial and
commercial space to accommodate the anticipated growth and expansion
of the City's small scale light industrial, home and business service,
and artisan business activities;
- Provide enough space for neighborhood-serving convenience
retail and community service activities for residents, workers and visitors;
- Preserve the area's existing sound, and often irreplaceable,
affordable housing and industrial building stock;
- Maintain the existing pleasant scale, character
and intensity of building form and residential and commercial/industrial
- Encourage, through flexible zoning standards, new
affordable housing resources,
- Facilitate the maintenance and strengthening of
the rich social, cultural and economic diversity of the area through
the preservation of affordable residential and commercial space, and
the establishment of broad and flexible mixed use zoning controls; and
- Encourage the improvement of neighborhood livability
through increased public transit service combined with improved parking
management programs; additional open space and recreation resources;
increased health and human service facilities for area residents; and
improved environmental health maintenance activities such as sidewalk
repair and cleaning, trash removal, and rodent eradication programs.
The South of Market has functioned as a service center
and a home to the city's service workers since it was first settled in
the late 1840's. Despite the many changes, the South of Market continues
to function as an important element in maintaining the health and stability
of the city's broader economic base and cultural diversity.
There are over 2,700 businesses located within the
industrially-zoned lands south of Folsom Street. Although these businesses
are very diverse, many of them do share some similarities. They are generally:
- Small, healthy and expanding businesses with less
than twenty employees;
- Artisan, service or light industrial businesses;
- Located in spaces of less than 10,000 sq.ft.;
- "Rent sensitive" (cannot afford much higher
- "Location sensitive" (need to be close
to their downtown clients, other ancillary businesses in the SOM, or
- Stable, having been in the South of Market for ten
or more years; and
- Desirous of staying in the South of Market.
A great many SOM businesses do business with one another
purchasing materials needed to produce their own goods and services,
and hiring local businesses to service their own business management,
transportation, communication and building and equipment maintenance needs.
In some economic sectors, related businesses concentrate
and locate in close proximity to one another. Printers, typographers,
photographers, film and camera suppliers, graphic artists, and other similar
suppliers tend to locate next to one another. Clothing manufacturers tend
to locate next to the cutters, wholesale thread outlets, machine repair
shops, apparel designers, and wholesale distributors. Some businesses
concentrate for the convenience of the customer comparison shoppers
or patrons who wish to have a choice of facilities within walking distance
such as the Ninth Street furniture showrooms, the Folsom Street dance
halls, bars and restaurants, the Second and Third Streets clothing outlets,
and the Eleventh Street auto repair services.
Many SOM businesses are specialty manufacture or service
activities that serve a broader, citywide and regional market. Some primarily
serve the downtown tourist and office industries.
Because of the area's proximity to the downtown business
center, a number of older SOM businesses have lost their space to new,
higher income-generating and rent-paying businesses. These higher rent-paying
businesses include architects, designers, lawyers, wholesale distributors
without on-site storage of goods, consultants, wholesale showroom businesses,
data processors, and other "back office" tenants who are attracted
to the SOM environment and to the lower office rents than are found in
the downtown high rise district. SOM artists, in particular, have lost
a significant amount of loft studio "live/work" space to office
The competition for space, particularly small space
(3,000 to 5,000 sq.ft.), by higher intensity and higher rent-paying uses
has endangered the unique fabric and function of parts of the SOM as a
convenient, low-cost and reliable service center of business activities
which service and maintain the rest of the city's major economic and cultural
In the area south of Folsom Street numerous industrial
buildings have been converted to office use. Over time conversions of
industrial space to office activity would be expected to continue unless
they are controlled.
PROTECT EXISTING INDUSTRIAL, ARTISAN, HOME AND BUSINESS SERVICE, AND NEIGHBORHOOD-SERVING
RETAIL, PERSONAL SERVICE AND COMMUNITY SERVICE ACTIVITIES AND FACILITATE
Exclude office uses in areas where light industrial/business service space
predominates. Restrict the location of new office uses to certain specific
and discrete subareas.
Many commercial office activities pay higher rents
than can most SOM industrial or service activities. In addition, they
attract a clientele and workers that desire and demand very different
kind of building spaces, transit services, parking resources, streetscape
environments, and retail service activities than are presently found throughout
the SOM. As a result, office uses, and the other uses they attract, tend
to displace business service and industrial activities. Priority Master
Plan and Planning Code policies call for protection of the industrial
and service sectors from displacement due to commercial office development.
To carry out these policies, office activities should
be concentrated in the eastern and part of the southern edges of the SOM
where they are currently the predominant land use. Certain office uses
- notably the offices of attorneys and bailbondsmen - require location
in close proximity to the Hall of Justice. Their space needs are not so
great as to result in significant displacements of existing service and
industrial use. They should be permitted there.
By restricting the location of commercial office uses
in the remainder of the SOM, the existing business service and industrial
functions will be protected. Over time, these service/industrial businesses
could expand and new such space could be developed on available land.
Facilitate the preservation of and promote the development of affordable
"live/work" loft studio space.
The SOM is home to a large community of performing
and visual artists and craftspersons living and working in loft studios
in commercial and industrial buildings. In times past North Beach and
Northeastern Waterfront industrial areas were home for many of the city's
artists. Development pressures have again caught up with the city's live/work
artists and SOM rents have become unaffordable to many artists. The live/work
artist is the most vulnerable of the SOM commercial tenants principally
because the types of small, intimate upper-level loft spaces they require
are also the types of spaces which are attractive to higher-rent-paying
office tenants. These spaces are not generally used by the area's other
industrial, business service and retail businesses. Consequently, the
artists find themselves competing for space with the higher rent-paying
In recent years, SOM artists have been reluctantly
leaving the city in large numbers, moving to less expensive industrial
space in the East Bay.
As artists leave the city, the city loses an important
element of its rich cultural and economic diversity. It is worthwhile
and important to provide resources and develop land use policies and programs
which would facilitate the retention and strengthening of the City's artist
The "legalization" of existing live/work
units should be encouraged and facilitated and the development of new
live/work units promoted by establishing flexible parking, density and
open space standards for this use and permitting live/work use throughout
the South of Market.
As a means of encouraging the creation of live/work
units, live/work units provided within the allowable commercial Floor
Area Ratio (FAR) of a commercial,
industrial or mixed use building should be considered a commercial,
rather than residential, occupancy and should not be subject to the limitation
on the conversion of dwelling units to non-residential use should the
tenant or landlord wish to convert or revert the live/work space to
commercial use. Live/work units should not be permitted in excess of
the commercial FAR which is allowed only for housing, except as a
Allow nighttime entertainment activities to locate in areas where such
uses are compatible with nearby businesses and other daytime, nonresidential
uses, and allow expansion of existing nighttime entertainment activities
when the expansion would result in improved area livability such as litter
patrol, noise reduction and increased parking.
Numerous nighttime entertainment activities such as
nightclubs and discotheques have been operating in the SOM for many years,
serving primarily small, local clientele. In recent years, most of these
clubs have changed ownership and now attract a much larger and noisier
crowd. Many patrons do not respect the quiet, safety and cleanliness of
the adjacent residential enclaves. Proper management of individual establishments
can reduce noise, litter and parking problems and can improve crowd control.
Proper location of new clubs can avoid these problems.
New nighttime entertainment activities should be limited
to areas with few residential neighbors and should be allowed only as
a conditional use so that solutions to potential noise, litter, parking,
crowd control and/or other problems can be incorporated into the project
design and operating practices of the establishment. Existing clubs should
be allowed to expand in residential neighborhoods as a conditional use
when such expansion would result in the adherence to "good neighbor"
operating procedures by club management designed by the City to improve
the livability of the neighborhood.
Provide sufficient land and building area to accommodate the reasonable
growth and expansion of the South of Market's diverse economic activities.
The average existing density of all development, including
housing, within the industrially zoned areas of the SOM is a Floor Area
Ratio (FAR) of 2.5 to 1. Existing building heights are typically 20 to
50 feet with only a few buildings above that height.
Allowable building heights and densities should be
set at levels that are respectful of the existing scale of development
while at the same time allow sufficient building area to accommodate growth
and expansion of permitted uses.
In combination, the land use, building height and density
policies of this Plan allow substantial land and building area to accommodate
the reasonable growth and expansion of light industrial, artisan, home
and business service, nighttime entertainment, office, residential, and
neighborhood-serving retail and personal service activities while at the
same time preserving the existing scale and character of the area.
Locate uses in areas according to a generalized land use plan shown on
Map 2. The proposed generalized land use plan shown on Map 2 would carry
out the foregoing policies and the housing policies below and would establish
coherent land use districts accommodating existing activities as well
as facilitating the growth of new, compatible activities.
Allow existing businesses, which would not be allowed if they were new,
to remain in their present location and space as nonconforming uses.
The SOM business community is very diverse. The oddest
assortment of businesses share space or are neighbors. It is not uncommon,
for example, to find artists, metal fabricators, bakeries, wholesale beauty
suppliers, musical instrument repair shops, and restaurants sharing space
in the same building.
Over time, a more coherent land use pattern may evolve
through attrition, particularly in areas where a concentration of similar
activities makes it more efficient to do business. New zoning controls
should redirect certain activities to specific SOM use districts as these
business activities expand and look for new space in the SOM. However,
there is no need to force such redirection as long as these nonconforming
uses wish to remain in their present location. Therefore, the City should
facilitate the preservation of these activities in their present location
by allowing them to remain in their present location as nonconforming
The SOM remains a valuable source of sound, low-cost
rental housing for many of the city's low-income immigrants, service workers,
and unemployed and under-employed residents. In addition to the 10,000
plus people residing in 5,000 dwelling units (apartments, hotels and flats),
there is a large number of artists living and working in industrial buildings,
and a large and unknown number of "street people" who reside
in various forms of spontaneous shelters throughout the SOM.
Most of the area's housing consists of small individual
units located in two to four story wood-frame apartment buildings or flats
which line the narrow side streets bisecting many of the large SOM blocks.
Two-thirds of the units are smallcomprised of studios or residential
hotel rooms. SOM units are generally smaller, without parking or rear
yards. Less than 15% of the units have two or more bedrooms, the unit
size generally considered suitable for family housing.
Overall, the SOM housing stock matches the space needs
and housing affordability levels of the existing SOM residents.
percent of the residents live alone. Only 15% percent of the population
are in households containing three or more persons. The small percentage
of large size households in the SOM are overcrowded. There is twice
much overcrowding in the SOM than in the city as a whole. This suggests
a need for larger family housing in the SOM.
Most of the SOM residents are tenants. Rent levels
in the SOM are considerably lower than those for the city as a whole.
The median rent paid in the SOM in 1980 was about half the citywide rent
level for a similar type of unit. Similarly, the median income for SOM
households is less than half the citywide median income level.
PRESERVE EXISTING HOUSING.
Affordable rental housing is a valuable resource to
the city and to the South of Market population in particular. Because
of high land, labor, materials and financing costs, most new housing is
out of the financial reach of most San Franciscans. Increasingly, the
only low- or moderate-income housing resources are found within the existing
housing stock. It is extremely important that existing affordable rental
housing be preserved and maintained as long as possible.
Discourage the demolition of existing dwelling units or their conversion
to non-residential use.
Most of the existing SOM housing is in low-scale, moderately
high density residential enclaves along the side streets which divide
the large SOM blocks from Minna to Harrison Streets, west of Sixth Street,
as well as in low scale, moderately high density flats and apartments
above storefronts which line the major thoroughfares west of Sixth Street.
These concentrated housing areas, which contain approximately 60 percent
of the existing SOM housing units, should be zoned residential. This will
protect them from conversion or demolition and their replacement by new
commercial or industrial development.
Approximately 40% of SOM housing units are so scattered
within service/industrial areas that it is difficult to protect them through
designation of residential zoning districts making them vulnerable to
conversion to non-residential use or to demolition to make way for new
commercial or industrial development. Between 1979 and 1984, several hundred
SOM dwelling units were lost due to conversion or demolition. The remaining
units in generally sound condition are of an attractive scale and architectural
character, and represents one of the city's few remaining low-income affordable
rental housing neighborhoods.
The loss of these units should be controlled by making
their demolition or conversion a conditional use. While there should be
a strong presumption in favor of preserving existing housing, occasionally
special circumstances may arise that could justify its loss.
- Demolition may be necessary because the unit is
uninhabitable and it is not feasible to rehabilitate it.
- Demolition may be deemed appropriate in order to
make land available for the development of permanently affordable low-
to moderate-income rental housing units when the total number of such
units represents a substantial increase in units on-site.
- Conversion or "merging" may be deemed
appropriate when an owner-occupant wishes to enlarge his/her principal
residence by expanding into an adjacent unit in a structure not subject
to rent control.
- Demolition or conversion may be deemed necessary
in order to accommodate the otherwise permitted expansion of an immediately
adjacent artisan, light industrial, home or business service, or community
service operation when such action is the most reasonable means of balancing
competing space needs.
- Conversion of a vacant unit may be deemed appropriate
because special circumstances (such as proximity to an incompatible
use) have rendered the unit unmarketable for residential use.
- Conversion may be deemed appropriate in order to
preserve and rehabilitate a designated landmark building.
Promote making existing rental housing permanently affordable for low-
and moderate-income residents.
Many SOM residents cannot afford to pay higher rents.
On average, SOM residents pay one-half their annual income on rent. If
outbid for existing housing by higher income households, it would be difficult
for displaced SOM households to find affordable replacement housing elsewhere
in the city because approximately three-fourths of SOM households cannot
afford to pay citywide median market rents.
Current neighborhood conditions make most of the SOM
housing unattractive to higher-income households. However, the SOM may
become attractive to some higher-income households who wish to live close
to the city's major cultural and employment centers. Preservation of the
existing housing stock through zoning controls will not, in itself, insure
the lower-income affordability of the units over the long run, nor will
it insure the tenancy of the units.
Tenant counseling should be provided to existing residents
to inform them of proper leasing and eviction procedures and other tenant
rights and to assist in home finding, particularly for family and live/work
households. Additional measures should be taken to facilitate the purchase
of residential property by individuals or non-profit corporations which
would contractually agree to maintain them as safe, sanitary and permanently
affordable low- and moderate-income rental housing or live/work units.
The City should facilitate the rehabilitation and proper
management of a number of residential hotels along Sixth Street for permanent
housing for low-income residents. The proportion of permanent residents
to transient residents along Sixth Street should be high enough to provide
a sense of community, safety and security within their homes, their buildings
and their neighborhood. The City should encourage and facilitate the provision
of social service programs for building and neighborhood residents within
the ground floor space of these rehabilitated residential hotels. This
would facilitate the stabilization of Sixth Street as a safe, clean and
affordable residential community.
Preserve South Park as a small scale, mixed use neighborhood.
South Park is an attractive, affordable mixed use neighborhood.
The commercial spaces are occupied by small retail, wholesale, artisan,
office and service businesses. A number of artists have established live/work
studios in commercial buildings. In addition, a number of residential
hotels and apartments are being rehabilitated as low- and moderate-income
affordable rental housing. This should continue and when possible, in-fill
development should be compatible in scale and mixture of use with the
A mix of retail, office, service, light industrial
and residential uses should be maintained while allowing new live/work
units. Building heights for new in-fill housing should be limited to 40
feet in order to maintain the small scale character of the enclave and
to preserve sun exposure to the park.
ENCOURAGE THE DEVELOPMENT OF NEW HOUSING, PARTICULARLY AFFORDABLE HOUSING.
Within the portion of the SOM where housing is clustered,
generally west of Sixth Street, there are a number of vacant parcels,
parking lots, and other parcels in open storage use. These parcels are
undeveloped or underdeveloped and can be viewed as opportunity sites for
new residential development.
However, because most of these housing opportunity
sites are small, are surrounded by active industrial businesses, and are
adjoined by older industrial buildings and/or flats without parking or
rear yards, new housing development west of Sixth Street is expected to
be small, "in-fill" housing within the predominantly residential
enclaves, and above commercial/light industrial storefronts along the
Increase the supply of housing without adversely affecting the scale,
density, and architectural character of existing residential or mixed
use neighborhoods or displacing light industrial and/or business service
The City should facilitate the development of affordable,
in-fill mixed use projects which would provide adequate on-site residential
amenities while maintaining the existing scale of the neighborhood.
The South of Market has always featured living space
in flats and apartments above ground floor shops and storefronts, providing
convenient and affordable living and work space for small craftspersons,
start-up businesses, and neighborhood-serving mom and pop-type business
operators. The Howard, Folsom and Bryant Street thoroughfares, as well
as many of the narrow side streets, are characterized by this type of
small, mixed use development. This type of living space above ground
floor work space remains a very popular form of development, and is
well-suited to the size of parcels and mixture of uses which characterize
There are a number of vacant and underdeveloped parcels
within the SOM
that could be developed as moderately high density housing over low
or moderate density commercial/industrial space. SOM retail or industrial
activity generally does not need or use space above the ground level.
The development of housing above ground floor retail, service or industrial
space would make more efficient use of the parcel's allowable building
area, would produce additional revenues to the developer/property
and thus may induce development of new industrial and residential space.
To encourage this type of development within South
of Market mixed use districts, housing should not be counted against the
base Floor Area Ratio (FAR) limit. Properties should be allowed to build
up to the FAR limit in wholly commercial or industrial space and should
be allowed to develop housing above the base FAR up to the maximum building
envelope limits established by relevant district height, parking, open
space, rear yard/setback, and other urban design zoning controls.
Facilitate in-fill housing development on small or irregularly-shaped
parcels within the predominantly residential neighborhoods.
Approximately 20% of the SOM housing stock lies within
the six predominantly residential side streets or residential enclaves
west of Sixth Street and north of Harrison Street. Within these enclaves
approximately 40 vacant parcels or lots are devoted to surface parking
or storage use. Many of them are small and/or irregularly shaped and are
often adjoined on two or three sides by flats, apartments or warehouses
built to the property line without rear yards. Under present residential
density, parking and rear yard zoning standards, these parcels could not
accommodate enough units to make the per-unit development and operation
costs economic as moderate-income affordable in-fill housing.
These enclaves should be designated as moderate-density
residential enclave districts in order to encourage in-fill housing and
artist live/work units, to strengthen the residential character of the
neighborhood and, over time, to improve the residential amenities within
these neighborhoods. New zoning controls tailored to the design needs
and neighborhood characteristics of these parcels, and sensitive to the
economics of affordable in-fill housing should be developed to induce
attractive, compatible and economic in-fill housing while providing adequate
residential amenities, including usable on-site open space and adequate
Encourage new, in-fill residential hotel development along Sixth Street.
Sixth Street is a potentially valuable resource of
low-income rental housing. There are more than thirty residential hotel
buildings from Minna to Harrison Streets. Several of these residential
hotels are vacant and subject to condemnation proceedings due to Code
violations. Should it prove to be infeasible to rehabilitate these units,
these parcels, along with some older one- or two-story commercial buildings
which front on Sixth Street, should be considered "in-fill"
housing opportunity sites. The City should facilitate development of low-income
affordable in-fill residential hotels and other high density housing along
Sixth Street which would both provide adequate amenities on-site and improve
the quality of streetscapes and commercial activities within the neighborhood.
Establishments selling alcohol should be discouraged, and limited, along
Encourage high density, predominantly residential mixed-use development
on vacant parcels between Stevenson, Harrison, Sixth and Fourth Streets.
There should be a high density, predominantly residential
mixed use district from Fourth to Sixth Streets and from Stevenson to
Harrison Streets to allow vacant parcels to develop in predominantly residential
use with ground floor commercial, service or light industrial uses. Rear
yard, open space and parking standards should be flexible to encourage
in-fill residential development.
Continuation and expansion of existing service, retail
and light industrial activities within the residential mixed use district
should be encouraged.
Encourage small scale in-fill residential or mixed use development west
of Sixth Street.
A substantial number of housing units are planned or
proposed for development in areas on the eastern edge of the SOM, including
Yerba Buena Center, Rincon Point, Rincon Hill, South Beach and Mission
Bay. The majority of these units are expected to be affordable only to
middle- to upper-income households who likely to be attracted to live
in these areas because the new development features close proximity to
the waterfront and downtown office district; the units offer views; the
development provides nearby convenience retail stores, and there are similar
household types in the project or neighborhood.
It is less likely that these kinds of households will
be attracted to the SOM west of Sixth Street because of its rather diverse
mixture of uses, parking congestion, and untidy environment. The introduction
of middle- to upper-income housing in major developments, even if economically
feasible, would make vulnerable the existing smaller scale, more affordable
rental housing. Therefore this type of housing project should be discouraged
west of Sixth Street. Smaller in-fill rental projects with lower cost
wood frame construction for more moderate income tenancies should be encouraged.
The wide variety of land uses and business activities
ranging from low-intensity storage and warehousing to high intensity office
and retail uses results in a similar variety of transportation needs and
impacts. Some businesses maintain primarily regional markets and rely
heavily on the regional transport system to move goods. Other businesses
provide services to the downtown core and are more reliant upon the local
The SOM as a whole is well served by major transportation
facilities. Freeways, rail tracks, maritime facilities, regional mass
transit facilities, and local transit service are located within and along
the periphery of the SOM. However, levels of service, particularly for
transit, are not consistent throughout SOM. (For example, the area between
Second and Fourth Streets has considerably better transit service than
the areas west of Fourth Street.)
Major streets of the SOM are generally wide (82 feet)
and were designed to carry heavy truck traffic associated with the area's
industrial activity. The street system is adequate for local travel demand.
Daily traffic on streets south of Mission generally flows freely in the
non-peak period. In the peak evening commute period, cumulative travel
demands from both the SOM and the greater downtown core exceed the capacity
of certain street intersections leading to the freeway on-ramps.
Traffic speeds along the narrow side streets are generally
slow due to difficulty in maneuvering around parked cars and delivery
trucks and stacked goods. These side streets can be hazardous when the
general clutter of parked vehicles, dumpsters and stacked pallets of delivery
goods on both the street and sidewalks reduce the motorist's line of sight
and force the pedestrian to walk within the street space to get by. SOM
major streets can also be dangerous when service vehicles and delivery
trucks are parked within the sidewalk space forcing pedestrians to enter
the street space to get by.
Most of the commercial buildings in the SOM were built
in the early 1900's and were designed to accommodate low intensity industrial
activity with few employees per building. Most of the residential buildings
were built in the early 1900s and were designed as four to six unit flats
and family-sized apartments. At that time, employees did not drive to
work and residents did not own cars. Consequently, most buildings were
constructed with full lot coverage and without on-site parking. Freight
loading docks were provided along the street frontage property line; streets
were wide, cars were few and on-street freight loading activity did not
pose a major inconvenience for local travel.
Over the years the nature of the SOM business activities
have changed substantially. During and after World War II, many of the
heavy industrial businesses relocated out of the SOM to larger, more efficient
spaces and were replaced by smaller, more intensive commercial and light
industrial activities. Many of the larger flats and apartments were cut
up into smaller units to accommodate the returning soldiers and merchant
marines. The intensification of commercial activity and increased resident
population, coinciding with a growing dependency upon auto rather than
transit travel, resulted in a substantial increase in traffic and parking
demand generated by SOM businesses and residents.
In addition to increased local travel, the proximity
of the area to the financial district results in some downtown commuters
parking in the South of Market. Consequently, adequate on-street parking
is not readily available in much of the SOM. Residents, downtown and SOM
employees, and service and delivery vehicles compete for limited on-street
parking spaces. This is particularly problematic in many of the side streets
throughout the SOM.
DEVELOP TRANSIT AS THE PRIMARY MODE OF TRAVEL TO AND FROM OTHER PARTS
OF THE CITY AND REGION.
Continued growth in the Downtown and SOM cannot be
accommodated by the private automobile. The Bay Bridge and Highway 101
are at capacity in the peak period, while the Golden Gate Bridge and I-280
are approaching capacity. Further increases in street traffic would only
serve to exacerbate existing congested conditions at many freeway ramps
and nearby intersections and would further block local street traffic
and transit vehicles. The "transit first" policy of the City
must be carried out in the South of Market.
Expand local transit lines linking the South of Market to all regional
transit facilities and to the rest of the City.
Most existing transit service in the South of Market
is designed to provide access through the SOM to and from the downtown
area (the source of the majority of peak travel demand). There is a need
for improved transit service and access from the South of Market to other
local and regional transit facilities. This is particularly true in the
area west of Fourth Street and south of Mission Street.
MUNI-Metro is to be extended to connect with Caltrain/SP
service and to Mission Bay. Consideration should be given to a further
extension to Showplace Square. Direct transit service is necessary from
these developing commercial and commercial/ residential areas to the downtown
and other South of Market areas. The City should also consider extension
of MUNI-Metro to the Van Ness/Civic Center area from the proposed Showplace
extension. This would further expand one-transfer access from portions
of the SOM to MUNI trunkline service on and near Market Street.
The City should examine possible new local transit
lines in the north-south direction between Fifth and Eighth Streets.
South of Market area west of Fourth Street has the most limited transit
service of the greater downtown. New north-south transit lines between
Fifth and Eighth Streets would greatly enhance transit travel opportunities
for residents and employees in the core of the western SOM.
to encourage an increasing use of transit by South of Market
employees and a shift away from automobile travel, MUNI frequencies
should be increased for all South of Market-serving lines, particularly
the commute peak periods of SOM workers.
MINIMIZE THE IMPACT ON THE LIVABILITY OF THE AREA OF AUTO TRAFFIC THROUGH
AND TO/FROM THE SOUTH OF MARKET.
Increasing automobile traffic results in more environmental
harm and greater inconvenience. A desirable living and working environment
and a prosperous business environment cannot be maintained if traffic
levels continue to increase without limits. Various methods should be
used to control and reshape the effect of automobiles on the city, and
to promote other means of transportation to improve the environment.
Provide incentives for the use of transit, taxi, carpools and vanpools,
and reduce the dependence on automobile parking facilities, particularly
by area workers.
The alternatives to expanding automobile facilities
are to make existing facilities serve more people and to use other ways
of getting people to their destination. Single-occupancy automobile use
is incompatible with the need to conserve energy and land, the need to
reduce congestion on thoroughfares, and the need to reduce auto emissions.
Employers should be encouraged to provide incentives
for transit use and carpooling by employees. A transit subsidy, such as
the provision of a transit "fast-pass," could be an alternative
to the provision of free employee parking. Where an employer already has
parking spaces available for employees, drivers who carpool should have
priority of use of these spaces.
The City should require transportation brokers to be
employed by each major new office development or by groups of smaller
office projects within the SOM. The function of transportation brokers
would be to promote and coordinate the use of carpools and vanpools by
project and other SOM employees, manage project-related preferential parking
rates and spaces for carpools and vanpools, organize "commuter club"
bus routes, develop and coordinate employer-subsidized transit pass sales,
distribute transit and car/vanpool schedules and information, and assist
employers with programs to implement and manage flextime.
SOM employers should offer flexible work schedules,
should provide preferential parking spaces and rates for carpools and
vanpools and should offer transit passes to employees. Certain establishments
may provide taxi service to clients. More Caltrans lots should be developed
to provide preferential spaces and rates for vanpools. Similarly, where
parking spaces are provided in new development, such preferential parking
rates and spaces should be established.
Promote the more efficient use of existing parking resources throughout
the South of Market.
The lack of parking resources near businesses and housing
is a major problem for SOM residents and employers. Most businesses and
residential units were constructed when there was no requirement and little
demand for parking space. Through the years, there has developed a deficiency
in supply and a high demand for parking at existing curb space. This problem
is aggravated by limited enforcement of short-term parking controls which
results in curb space on major streets and side streets being used for
long-term parking by commuters and residents.
Since the problem is an existing one, planning policies
for the SOM must address the more efficient allocation and management
of existing, limited parking resources as well as adequate provision of
parking and loading spaces in new development.
Parking rates should be designed to meet short-term
business travel demand. Consistent with the City's "transit first"
policy, long-term commuter parking should be discouraged. SOM commuter
parking demand can be diminished over time by increasing use of transit
and ridesharing. However, convenient alternative means of travel to and
throughout the SOM are generally not available for mid-day or nighttime
The City should encourage the shared use of existing
parking facilities by area for day and nighttime activities. A number
of existing parking lots and garages are heavily used during the daytime
hours and are unoccupied during the evening and weekend hours. Most of
the existing nighttime activities are located in buildings without parking.
Operators of nighttime activities such as cultural arts performance spaces,
restaurants, bars and nightclubs should be allowed to satisfy their off-street
parking demand and requirement by joint use of these parking resources.
Daytime business operators should be encouraged to make their underutilized
parking spaces available to the public for nighttime uses.
Institute a residential preferential parking program.
South of Market residents should not be forced to compete
with area employees and downtown district commuters for on-street parking
space. A residential preferential parking program should be established
within the side streets bounded by Mission and Harrison Streets and Fourth
and Division Streets, and around the South Park neighborhood. For neighborhoods
in close proximity to clusters of restaurants, the hours of the preferential
parking program should be extended to 10:00 PM. For neighborhoods in close
proximity to nighttime entertainment activity, the hours should be extended
to 2:00 AM or 6:00 AM where there are "after hours" nighttime
entertainment activities. Effective implementation of a parking permit
program would require increased enforcement of parking controls throughout
Provide adequate parking and loading resources for new South of Market
residential and business development.
New development should not exacerbate existing parking
congestion. New commercial and industrial or mixed use developments should
provide adequate off-street parking and freight loading resources, while
encouraging transit use by workers whose businesses are within walking
distance from major transit corridors such as Market and Mission Streets.
The City should encourage the construction of new short-term public parking
lots and garages to serve local day and nighttime customers and visitors.
Given the planned extension of MUNI Metro to the Caltrain
station, and potentially beyond, and the relative ease of expanding transit
service along Second Street, the parking requirement for office use in
the Second and Townsend Streets area office districts should be reduced
to reflect these transit improvements.
New residential development should provide off-street
parking resources as necessary to accommodate the anticipated demand by
prospective residents. Where possible, residential parking should be minimized
as a means of encouraging transit use by residents and reducing per-unit
development costs and rental rates for new housing.
Local businesses should be allowed to satisfy their
off-street parking demand and requirement by contributing to the construction
of a nearby publicly-accessible parking garage or lot.
Some SOM commuting workers may not be able to divert
to public transit and, if preferential parking were instituted, would
no longer be able to park within the residential side streets. In addition,
an increase in on-street, curbside freight loading spaces along the major
thoroughfares may further reduce some existing long-term parking resources.
Parking resources of SOM workers which are lost should be replaced by
construction of parking garages under the elevated freeway between Fifth
and Seventh Streets and Harrison and Bryant Streets.
The City should encourage private sector development
of joint or congregate parking structures to meet off-street parking requirements
of new development that would otherwise be provided on-site. Development
of joint parking structures can achieve a better allocation of space available
in the SOM and can reduce curb cuts and thereby better control potential
conflicts between autos and pedestrians, transit, and/or delivery/service
Provide an adequate amount of on-street curbside freight loading spaces
throughout the South of Market.
A significant share of deliveries to South of Market
businesses is performed within the street space. Where curbside freight
loading space is not available, delivery vehicles double-park, blocking
major thoroughfare and side-street traffic and creating potential hazards
for pedestrians and automobiles. Along Folsom, Harrison and Bryant Streets
and where appropriate along the side streets, adequate curbside freight
loading zones should be established and enforced.
The City should evaluate the existing on-street curb-designation
for delivery vehicles and improve daytime enforcement to increase turnover.
Where necessary, curbside freight loading spaces should be increased.
During evenings and weekends, curbside freight loading
spaces should be made available for visitor and customer parking.
Emphasize short-term parking over long-term parking in parking facilities
that exist or are proposed for the South of Market.
While the City maintains the policy of discouraging
the addition of new long-term parking spaces in and around the downtown,
it may be appropriate to replace lost commuter parking resources with
short-term parking facilities in areas which are well served by transit
to and from the downtown core. Again, these spaces should not add to the
long-term parking supply in order to prevent unacceptable congestion,
and should be provided in garages, not on lots.
Land under the elevated freeways should be designated
for parking use. In particular, the City should encourage short-term parking
over long-term parking under the elevated freeway in the area bounded
by Third and Fourth Streets and Harrison and Bryant Streets.
MAINTAIN AND INSURE THE AVAILABILITY OF RAIL FREIGHT SERVICE THROUGH THE
SOUTH OF MARKET AREA TO THE PORT OF SAN FRANCISCO.
Establish a rail service program.
Working with local rail carriers, the Port, and other
city and state agencies, the City should develop a rail service program
for San Francisco. Should certain routes through the SOM be deemed unnecessary,
the City should identify which rail tracks should be removed and should
develop a program for removal of these tracks and use of the right-of-way
as pedestrian pathways.
The South of Market is home to over 10,000 residents,
over 2,700 businesses and over 27,000 workers. Neighborhoods should be
safe, clean, quiet and comfortable environments, providing adequate shelter,
open space, transit, parking, and neighborhood services for its residents,
workers and visitors. The extent to which a neighborhood provides these
services, resources and amenities is a measure of its neighborhood livability.
The South of Market physical environment is generally
pleasant, featuring low-scale, pedestrian-oriented building forms; a warm
and wind- and fog-free climate; close proximity to the city's major cultural
and employment centers and the Bay waterfront; and features attractive
architecture and sound housing and commercial building stock.
The South of Market is, however, deficient in a number
of important community services and resources. Some densely populated
areas of the SOM are severely deficient in both private and public open
space resources, and are deficient in private maintenance activities such
as cosmetic improvements and painting of apartments and flats, rodent
control, and trash removal. These deficiencies are striking enough to
mask the area's attractive features to most of the city's residents and
visitors. Consequently, the South of Market has a rather poor image as
an attractive area and is, undeniably, a high need area for physical improvements.
Nonetheless, the SOM works well for its residents, workers and business
operators who, in surveys, scored SOM low in cleanliness and safety standards
and high in identity/sense of community, comfort, quiet and affordability
standards. Those surveyed universally expressed a desire to remain in
the area permanently.
The area's environmental deficiencies can be ameliorated
over time by both public and private investments in maintenance of street
and sidewalk space and building stock; increased greenery and park spaces;
increased transit, parking and improved pedestrian circulation systems;
and improved neighborhood services. This, along with maintenance of the
area's positive features - lower scale, lower-density development, view
corridors, sun exposure, quiet at night and on weekends, rich architectural
character, diversity of activities and population--can improve neighborhood
livability for SOM residents, workers and visitors.
PRESERVE EXISTING AMENITIES WHICH MAKE THE SOUTH OF MARKET A PLEASANT
PLACE TO LIVE, WORK AND VISIT.
Establish height and building intensity limits for new development which
would preserve the existing scale and strengthen the physical form of
areas appropriate for new development, enhance the character of adjacent
landmark buildings, maintain sun exposure to open space resources, and
preserve view corridors.
The South of Market offers some of the most pleasant
weather conditions in the City. Because of its low lying topography, its
distance from clusters of tall buildings or hills, its proximity to the
Bay and, most importantly, its generally low scale built environment,
the SOM is sunny and warm, is protected from strong winds, and is fog
Because the SOM is deficient in private and public
parks and open space resources, front stoops and sidewalks are used by
area residents and workers as sitting, socializing and play areas. The
street and sidewalk rights-of-way and the generous sunlight and air exposure
provided by low scale development serve as valuable open space resources
and contribute tremendously to the area's sense of openness and comfort.
SOM streets provide views of distant open space and natural land forms
and bodies of water which create focal points, give visual orientation
to the pedestrian and motorist, provide a sense of openness and sensual
relief from the immediate environment, and provide a visual/psychological
link with regional open space resources. Views act as psychological open
Height limits within the SOM should vary by location and by function of
permitted activities. Areas which are designated primarily for service/light
industrial activities should be limited to building heights which can
most efficiently and economically accommodate these uses. Areas proposed
for mixed residential/commercial/light industrial activities should, in
combination with appropriate density standards, be limited to building
heights which would be in scale with the surrounding neighborhood and
which would provide adequate building heights to accommodate affordable
new mixed use developments.
Based on these goals, a building height limit of 50
feet would be appropriate throughout most of the SOM area. Lower building
heights should be maintained in areas bordering public open space and
the elevated freeway in order to preserve sun exposure to parks, and to
protect views of the water, open space and cityscape from the elevated
roadway. Within residential enclaves, a maximum height limit of 40 feet
would be appropriate.
East of Sixth Street facing properties and north of
Harrison Street, building height limits should be flexible in order to
facilitate the development of affordable housing as well as to encourage
an appropriate transition in building heights from existing taller buildings
and adjacent or nearby park, open space and view corridor resources.
Preserve the architectural character and identity of South of Market residential
and commercial/industrial buildings.
The SOM is endowed with a number of architecturally
attractive residential, commercial and industrial buildings as well as
a pleasant, pedestrian-oriented scale of development from which to view
these buildings. These resources add interest and excitement to the SOM,
create neighborhood identification, and provide orientation points in
an area with few prominent natural features.
Many of the commercial buildings share a common industrial
architectural character. The style of the buildings range from pre-20th
Century simple brick and timber industrial style to 1930's and 40's Art
Deco stylized buildings which often have more elaborate detailing and
articulation of building surfaces than their predecessors.
Although the mixture of SOM business activities through
the years has resulted in a wide variety of commercial and industrial
building types, the designers of these buildings were sensitive to the
architectural character of the area. Most of the SOM's commercial/industrial
buildings are linked by common architectural elements, including scale
and proportion, texture, coloring, materials and patterns of facade and
window treatments. The legacy of these buildings is a reminder of San
Francisco's rich industrial and commercial heritage.
Residential buildings, likewise, provide rich scale,
texture, architectural character and visual interest for the SOM. Most
of the residential structures are three-story flats and apartments grouped
in enclaves along the interior side streets. They are generally built
in the Edwardian style, and their lack of pretension reflects the working
class population which occupied the area after the fire. Very few buildings
are out of scale or conflict in style with one another.
The area's prevailing scale and continuity of architectural
style is a positive feature and imparts a distinct visual character and
identity for the area. The City should encourage the architectural design
of new SOM development and major rehabilitation of existing buildings
to complement and enhance the architectural character of the area and,
in particular, to be compatible in scale, style, texture, color and materials
with nearby handsome older buildings.
Preserve areas which contain groups of buildings of historic, architectural,
or aesthetic value and which are linked by important historical or architectural
In some areas of the SOM, there are grouping of buildings
with similar physical characteristics or historical background. These
areas take on a unique quality which is traceable to the prevailing style
or the history of the buildings. Some buildings are, individually, of
landmark quality. The buildings which are not of individual architectural
or historical importance often provide a complementary setting and context
within which to view the individual landmark quality buildings. These
contributory buildings create a visually distinctive environment and impart
a sense of place and identity for the district. They aid in defining and
maintaining the character of the district and, as such, their preservation
takes on an increased importance. In many cases, the loss of any one of
the contributory buildings, although not of individual landmark quality,
would diminish the visual prominence of the landmark buildings within
the grouping, and may substantially alter the contextual setting and special
character of the district. Whenever possible, these contributory buildings
should be preserved.
The area shown on Map 6, p. 23, contains clusters of
important structures. This area should be made an Historic District.
Buildings of Architectural and Historical Merit
Preserve individual architecturally and/or historically significant buildings
which contribute to the area's identity, give visual orientation, and
which impart a sense of continuity with San Francisco's past.
Approximately 30 structures outside the proposed Historic
District have been identified and rated through a comprehensive and systematic
review process as buildings of particular architectural and/or historical
significance. These structures are listed in the following Table.
These structures should be considered for designation
as City landmarks. See Significant and Contributory Buildings, p. 22.
Provide incentives for preservation of landmark quality buildings and
contributory buildings in historic districts.
Adaptive reuse of landmark and contributory buildings
should be encouraged as a means of facilitating the retention and sensitive
rehabilitation of these structures, particularly the more vulnerable and
costly to rehabilitate unreinforced brick buildings. To facilitate retention
of these structures and their seismic upgrading, these buildings should
be permitted to be converted to office use.
In addition, when it is concluded that it is economically
necessary to insure the preservation of the building, and when deemed
appropriate to the preservation of the qualities which make the building
important, the onsite parking and/or freight loading requirements should
be permitted to be reduced.
IMPROVE AREA LIVABILITY BY PROVIDING ESSENTIAL COMMUNITY SERVICES AND
South of Market community services and resources have
been a neighborhood concern for many years. Previous studies and current
inventories of neighborhood-serving human service providers reveal underserved
segments of the South of Market population. The diversity of the 10,000+
South of Market residents pose difficulties in conveniently, effectively
and affordably meeting their varied community service needs. The multicultural
nature, low incomes, age characteristics and homeless segments of this
neighborhood often require community services to be tailored to specific
Accessible primary health case and other community
services should be available throughout the South of Market. The location
of community services tailored to specific in-need populations should
be carefully evaluated in order to maintain and improve neighborhood livability.
Encourage the careful location and expansion of essential neighborhood-serving
community and human service activities throughout the South of Market,
exclusive of the residential enclaves.
Location of human service activities, such as health
and day care centers, recreation programs, cultural centers, employment
and tenant counseling programs, information and referral programs, senior
escort and transportation services, and other essential services required
of the area's residents including the elderly, frail, homeless and medically
needy individuals should be encouraged in the SOM. The City should facilitate
the careful location and expansion of essential substance abuse, mental
health or temporary shelter programs while limiting the concentration
of such activities within any one neighborhood. Within the residential
enclaves, some human service activities should be allowed in existing
non-residential, nonconforming buildings with conditional use authorization.
Certain human service activities, such as "homeless"
shelter programs, food programs, substance abuse programs and mental health
and other board and care facilities, should be carefully sited within
the SOM and should be permitted only as a conditional use within the SOM,
exclusive of the residential enclaves where they should not be permitted.
Adequate police, street cleaning and other such services should be provided
to the area when these human service programs are located within the SOM.
Encourage the location of neighborhood-serving retail and community service
activities throughout the South of Market.
Although neighborhood-serving retail activities have
been permitted as a principal use throughout the SOM under present zoning
controls, the area remains conspicuously deficient in convenience retail
and personal service activities such as Laundromats, a supermarket, late
hour and weekend low-cost restaurants, automatic teller machines, shoe
repair and the like. The City should actively encourage the location of
these activities throughout the SOM and particularly within the densely
residential areas Additionally, non-profit community service programs
serving SOM residents are in need of larger, more conveniently located
space and should be encouraged to locate within the area.
Make better use of existing recreation and open space resources and facilities
within the South of Market.
The South of Market is deficient in private open space
resources such as rear yards, decks or balconies. Public open space and
recreation facilities in the South of Market area are also very limited.
Therefore it is very important that existing facilities and programs be
The Recreation and Park Department has an agreement
with the Board of Education to share in the use and maintenance of Bessie
Carmichael School as a children's play area. This cooperation needs to
be maintained and, if possible, extended to increase the play areas, equipment
and hours of operation.
Nearly one-third of the seniors (over 65 years of age)
living in the Yerba Buena Center (YBC) area regularly use the undeveloped
open space on top of the Moscone Center. At present this open space consists
of a paved walkway which widens into a large gravel-covered rooftop area
containing planters with seasonal flowers and curved concrete walls defining
planting areas. In its present form it is a rather sparse, unattractive
and uncomfortable rooftop open space and seems ill-equipped to serve the
nearby senior population. It is, however, the only public open space in
the immediate area, and has the potential of serving a very large number
of area residents, workers and visitors. The City should work with the
designers of the proposed Yerba Buena Gardens (YBG) project to encourage
the redesign and improvement of existing open space resources within the
YBC area including the provision of adequate safe, clean, quiet, and sun
lit seating and resting areas and passive recreation programs to serve
the various nearby population groups, particularly the large concentration
of elderly residents.
Community gardens around YBC have proven very successful
in providing outdoor passive recreation, siting and gathering spaces for
the area's senior citizens. These resources should be further encouraged.
Create new parks and recreational facilities for the enjoyment by area
residents, workers, and visitors.
Presently, only four public open spaces exist in the
South of Market area: South Park, an oval-shaped open space of less than
one acre surrounded by residential and commercial development; landscaped
areas on top of the Moscone Center; and a .22 acre minipark at Langton
and Howard Streets, consisting of a children's play area, grassy areas,
and sitting facilities and a 1.9 acre park and recreation facility at
the corner of Sixth and Folsom Streets. In addition, there are two paved
playground facilities, one at Bessie Carmichael School located at Folsom
and Columbia Streets and another at the Filipino Education Center located
at Fourth and Harrison Streets.
The proposed 5 to 7 acre Rincon Point Park to be located
on the waterfront, south of the Ferry Building; and the 5 acre South Beach
Park to be developed southeast of Second and King Streets will serve the
eastern portion of the SOM area, far distant from the major concentrations
of existing SOM residents. Additionally, a variety of open spaces totalling
6.25 acres are planned for the central block of the Yerba Buena Gardens
bounded by Mission, Third, Howard and Fourth Streets. Since this project
is located in close proximity to major concentrations of senior housing,
these spaces should be designed with the special needs of this population
Acquire a large park site.
Even after these proposed parks have been built, the
western SOM, which has a sizable residential population, will remain deficient
in open space. New open space should be created within this area. Residents
of the area overwhelmingly favor one large park with grass, trees, and
flowers over several mini-parks.
The City should acquire a major open space/park site
within the western SOM and develop it as a large soft surface and informal
park with enough space for active turf sports, play areas for pre-school
and school age children, and green landscaped spaces for teens, adults,
and seniors in different social groupings. The park and park use program
should be developed according to the stated preferences of residents and
should complement the uses of the Sixth/Folsom Street park and recreation
Establish an open space requirement for new commercial/industrial
developments and conversion of space to office use.
Publicly accessible open space resources should be
required to be included in the project design of new commercial, institutional,
service, industrial or mixed use developments. New office development
and conversions of space to office use should provide publicly accessible
open space resources. This open space should be designed to be accessible
to area workers during weekday hours and to area residents during both
weekday and weekend day and early evening hours. It is envisioned that
small, landscaped areas could be designed within the project site to provide
attractive table and sitting areas for lunch time eating and socializing
by area workers. These same spaces could be used by area residents on
the weekends. Small tot-lots could be used by area residents throughout
the weekday and weekend daylight hours. Blank building walls could double
as handball or tennis backboards. A wide variety of simple and inexpensive
passive recreational elements should be incorporated into the project
design to provide essential open space resources to area workers and residents.
The private development would be responsible for costs associated with
the design, development, insurance, regular maintenance and safe operation
of this open space.
This requirement should be allowed to be satisfied
on public property and could be used to improve and maintain the Townsend,
Bluxome, Ritch and Second Streets pedestrian network, any appropriate
abandoned rail rights-of-ways, and any other open space/pedestrian walkway
facilities serving SOM workers and visitors. Businesses operating exclusively
during nighttime hours should b e exempt from an open space requirement
when it is infeasible to provide public access to such an open space during
Establish onsite open space requirements for all
new residential development.
New residential development should provide adequate
usable, unenclosed private or common open space resources (or solaria)
easily accessible to project residents. Open space standards for each
type of residential use should incorporate adequate flexibility in design,
character and location of these open spaces in order to facilitate affordable
in-fill housing development. In new mixed use developments, common, unenclosed
residential open space areas should be provided as a rear yard, rooftop
garden, or elsewhere on the lot or within the development where it is
clearly accessible to and for the exclusive use by the residents.
Create a visually prominent, safe and clean pedestrian circulation network
throughout the South of Market.
South of Market sidewalks are frequently blocked by
parked vehicles, stacked delivery goods, garbage bins, and piles of discarded
trash. Pedestrians are often forced by these obstacles to use the street
space for travel. This is especially dangerous along the higher speed
thoroughfares where double-parked vehicles further reduce the line-of-sight
of passing motorists and force pedestrians further into the street space
to pass by the sidewalk obstructions.
The SOM is home to a significant number of children
and senior citizens who are particularly vulnerable to potential safety
hazards and are inconvenienced by the lack of effective pedestrian circulation
space. In an area as deficient in private and public open space as the
SOM is, the sidewalk space is especially important as a means of experiencing
a sense of open space, of enjoying sunlight exposure, of sitting, relaxing
and people-watching,, and as a play area for small children.
Restore sidewalks as pedestrian circulation spaces and establish a pedestrian
network to improve the safety and convenience of pedestrian travel to
and throughout the South of Market (see Map 7).
Open Space and Pedestrial Network
Restoration of the sidewalks in the South of Market
as pedestrian circulation spaces will require establishing a preferential
parking program for residents, improving transit service for workers,
and maintaining regular enforcement of area parking controls. These measures
should be included within the annual work program and budgets of the appropriate
implementing city agencies.
A visually prominent pedestrian circulation network
should be created. It should incorporate pedestrian-only walkways and
selected pedestrian-oriented streets which would link major SOM activity
centers, open space resources, and view corridors to the waterfront.
streets(similar to the popular European "WOONERFS")
incorporating exclusive pedestrian walkways, landscaped sitting and play
areas, and limited vehicular access should be created within some selected
predominantly residential side streets.
The City should build on the pedestrian network established
in the Downtown Plan (which includes the United Nations Plaza to Bessie
Carmichael School linkage) by adding Howard, Folsom, Townsend, and Ninth
Streets as pedestrian-oriented streets.
The feasibility of creating pedestrian-dominated streets
(like the popular European WOONERFS), incorporating sitting and play areas,
within some residential enclaves should be explored. Pedestrian-dominated
side streets consist of carefully designed combinations of parking, vehicular
access, landscaped open space, pedestrian circulation and play areas sharing
the public right-of-way. Through traffic is limited to pedestrians and
vehicles serving adjacent residential or commercial/industrial uses. Some
SOM side streets, such as the stub end of Natoma Street, would work very
well as a pedestrian-oriented street, providing adequate parking and vehicular
access to neighboring uses while creating safe and attractive open space
and play areas in an area severely deficient in these resources.
One or two small mid-block parcels should be identified
for development as attractive open space pedestrian through-ways serving
as extensions of the pedestrian network in the area bound by Howard and
Harrison, Fourth and Fifth Streets. These pedestrian corridors should
be designed to provide safe, clean, quiet and sunny sitting areas and
other socializing spaces within comfortable walking distance to and from
the large concentrations of senior housing.
The location of pedestrian-oriented retail activity
along the ground floor frontage of buildings lining the pedestrian network
should be encouraged. Concentration of pedestrian-oriented or cultural
arts/entertainment activities would enhance and strengthen the prominence
of the pedestrian network and would improve the safety, security and convenience
of the pathway to its users.
Rail rights of way
Where rail tracks are no longer needed the abandoned
rail rights-of-way along Townsend, Bluxome, Ritch and Second Streets should
be connected to safe and attractive pedestrian ways.
Street landscaping program.
A landscaping program for the South of Market, including
the residential side streets and abandoned rail rights-of-way, should
be developed. The installation of street trees should be required of new
development and major renovation or conversions of buildings.
Improve street and sidewalk maintenance including enforcement of parking
regulations, regular street and sidewalk cleaning, rodent eradication,
and trash removal.
A major environmental problem in the SOM is the presence
of rodents, pests and discarded trash throughout the densely populated
residential neighborhoods. A thorough and regular rodent eradication,
trash removal and sidewalk cleaning program would improve the quality
of life within the SOM immeasurably.
The City should implement a comprehensive rodent and
pest eradication program throughout the SOM and particularly within the
The City should implement a comprehensive trash removal
program throughout the SOM and particularly within the residential enclaves.
As budget permits, the City should maintain and improve street cleaning
programs throughout the SOM and implement a regular sidewalk washing and
cleaning program, particularly along the pedestrian circulation network,
along Sixth Street, and in areas where charitable and social service programs
for the homeless and hungry population are located.
Encourage the careful location and maintenance of public facilities such
as public toilets, trash and debris receptacles, drinking water facilities,
The SOM is heavily traveled by pedestrian visitors,
residents and workers. This foot traffic is expected to increase in the
near future as pedestrian networks are established, day and nighttime
retail activity is increased, and major open space resources are developed.
It is important to provide convenience and litter control facilities to
users of these resources as a means of improving and maintaining neighborhood
livability standards, and simply facilitating and improving the enjoyment
of these facilities by their users.
Public toilet facilities should be incorporated into
all new public park or public recreation facilities along with sufficient
funding for adequate staff, materials and programming resources in order
to adequately accommodate the clean, safe, orderly, and convenient access
to these facilities by area residents, workers and visitors.
Public trash receptacles should be installed and maintained
throughout the SOM business and residential districts, particularly along
Adequate street furniture, such as benches, street
lighting, drinking water facilities, public phone booths, and trash receptacles,
should be incorporated into pedestrian pathway landscape plans and programs.
In addition, location plans and density controls for newsracks and advertising
signs should be developed for the South of Market area.
|I. LIST OF
SIGNIFICANT BUILDINGS LOCATED OUTSIDE OF THE PROPOSED HISTORIC DISTRICT.
||475 Brannan St.
||539 Bryant St.
||673 Bryant St.
||1477-1479 Emberly Alley
||1400 Folsom St.
||1477 Folsom St.
||1489 Folsom St.
||1275 Harrison St.
||1440 Harrison St.
||7 Heron St.
||1035 Howard St.
||1049 Howard St.
||1097 Howard St.
||1126 Howard St.
||1234 Howard St.
||1401 Howard St. (City Landmark No.120)
||1415 Howard St.
||1235 Mission St.
||310 Townsend St.
||350 Townsend St.
||410 Townsend St.
||500 Fourth St.
||601 Fourth St.
||182 Sixth St.
||106 Sixth St.
||201 Sixth St.
||665 Sixth St.
||335 Seventh St.
||201 Ninth St.
||165 Tenth St.
||465 Tenth St.
||319 Eleventh St.
||333 Eleventh St.
OF CONTRIBUTORY BUILDINGS LOCATED WITHIN THE PROPOSED HISTORIC DISTRICT.
||274 Brannan St.
||275 Brannan St.
||300 Brannan St.
||301 Brannan St.
||333 Bryant St.
||355 Bryant St.
||385 Bryant St.
||52 Colin P. Kelly St.
||128 King St.
||101 Townsend St.
||111 Townsend St.
||115 Townsend St.
||135 Townsend St.
||136 Townsend St.
||139 Townsend St.
||144 Townsend St.
||148 Townsend St.
||166 Townsend St.
||461 Second St.
||500 Second St.
||512 Second St.
||522 Second St.
||533 Second St.
||536 Second St.
||544 Second St.
||545 Second St.
||555 Second St.
||599 Second St.
||601 Second St.
||625 Second St.
||634 Second St.
||640 Second St.
||650 Second St.
||670 Second St.
||698 Second St.
||699 Second St.
||625 Third St.
||660 Third St.
||665 Third St.
||685 Third St.